Critical and motivational peer feedback increases productivity, overall knowledge retention and yields higher quality work from students. Here are some tips and best practices for creating activities and structuring peer evaluations.
The outcome that you should look for in a peer evaluation is validity. What this means is that a student peer evaluation should mimic the same depth, thought process and insight as a professor’s evaluation. This is a clear marker of success, because a professor’s marking abilities are typically held to the golden standard. Not to mention that a valid student evaluation proves that grading automation is sustainable because it replicates that of a professor’s.
Reliability is measured by the consistency among peer evaluations. Unless a piece of work is subjective, a collection of peer evaluations must point to a general direction in order to provide value. This can only occur when evaluations are consistent across the board, in terms of evaluation depth or given score.
Maximum Capacity of Words on Bodies of Work (Creations)
For written work, essays should not exceed more than 1,000 words. As you might imagine, students can provide more precise feedback on content that is shorter in length. This leaves less room for too much variation in evaluations, and students are prompted to make more consistent conclusions among themselves.
Maximum Capacity of Words on Evaluations
Even the number of words on evaluations should also be limited as well, in order to ensure that effective, regular and concise feedback is given.According to a study conducted by West Virginia University, feedback should not exceed 50 words or more.
Clarity of Criteria Given to Students
Keep your rubrics clear and concise. Give examples and indicators of poor, moderate, and excellent bodies of work. In terms of transferring professional knowledge to your students, clarify your thought process as well as tips and tricks that you use throughout your grading process.Naturally, this boosts the validity of your student’s evaluations, as you help shape an evaluation process that mirrors that of your own.
Number of Evaluations Required by Students
An excessive number of assigned evaluations will exhaust the student and their time, which can deplete the quality and validity of the peer evaluations despite adequate training and instruction. At the same time, the accuracy of grading will be compromised if only one or two peer evaluations are provided for a given work. According to a few studies conducted by Georgia State University and Pennsylvania State University, the optimum number of individuals to review is between four and six.
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Ballantyne, R., Hughes, K., & Mylonas, A. (2002). Developing procedures for implementing peer assessment in large classes using an action research process. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 27(5), 427-441.
García Martínez, C., Cerezo, R., Bermúdez, M., & Romero, C. (2019). Improving essay peer grading accuracy in massive open online courses using personalized weights from student's engagement and performance. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 35(1), 110-120.
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Roy, M., & Michaud, N. (2018). L’autoévaluation et l’évaluation par les pairs en enseignement supérieur: promesses et défis. Formation et profession, vol. 26, n° 2, 2018.
Seifert, T., & Feliks, O. (2019). Online self-assessment and peer-assessment as a tool to enhance student-teachers’ assessment skills. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 44(2), 169-185.