The use of AI for education content is making inroads into the teaching-learning ecosystem (Carvalho et al., 2022). However, there is still some ambiguity around the risks of using such tools, particularly how they will impact student learning. Using AI in education today requires the need to innovate and reimagine assessment techniques, thereby still allowing students to express themselves creatively and build critical thinking skills.
In this article, we will be covering the following:
- 4 Ways to Design courses for AI
- How to Set the Right Expectations for the use of ChatGPT
- 12 Examples of ChatGPT Prompts that Instructors can Use
- How can Peer Assessment ensure an effective Learning Experience
4 Ways to Design courses for AI
Instead of trying to ban the use of AI, instructors should plan courses keeping in mind the AI tools and how they can be used constructively. Here are four ways courses instructors can redesign their courses and guide students in using AI effectively for assignments.
1. Update Course Guidelines with AI in mind
Course guidelines can be updated to include the permitted use of AI for assignments. Instructors can also set aside some time to discuss the importance of having these guidelines in place while hearing from their students about their viewpoints.
2. Rethink Assignments to test critical thinking skills
Conventional writing assignments can replace creative tasks like producing interviews and podcasts or organizing debates and group discussions. By including a peer assessment component, instructors can ensure a synergistic approach where students' critical thinking skills are being honed.
💡Pro Tip: Peer Assessment on Kritik is anonymous, allowing students to write constructive feedback on each others’ work just based on the rubrics provided by the instructor.
3. Innovate with Writing Assignments
Students turning in articles written by AI does not necessarily spell the end of writing assignments for assessment. Instructors just have to ensure that they think ahead of their students! Writing assignments based on open-ended questions that require mind maps, opinions and thoughts, or the explanation of a concept based on personal experiences can limit the use of Open AI writing in student assignments.
4. Design assignments with AI-generated content for students to critique
Instructors can get students to complete their assignments using ChatGPT and then organize guided group discussions in the classroom where students identify the flaws and limits of the assignment done this way. Such initiatives will boost confidence in students and reduce dependence on ChatGPT for assignment completion while honing their critical thinking skills.
How to Set the Right Expectations for using ChatGPT
The OpenAI ChatGPT has taken the academic world by storm with its ability to even pass the bar and medical licensing exam! While new technology always takes time to adapt, instructors can have conversations with their students on the ethical usage of ChatGPT, including using the tool in class that can address their queries and confusion.
Here are a few strategies that may be used by instructors when speaking about ChatGPT to students:
1. Explain what would be regarded as academic misconduct
Not all uses of ChatGPT amount to academic misconduct. Instructors should update the academic misconduct policy of AI usage before setting up assignments and explain it to their students. Instructors must also frame guidelines for using ChatGPT in grading and assessments and share them with students. This should give students a clear idea about the grading pattern and how to attribute ChatGPT-generated text. They should also know how the ChatGPT may be used in assignments that do not constitute plagiarized or unethical content.
2. Explain the limitations of ChatGPT
Instructors can explain the limitations of ChatGPT (Opara, 2023) by showing examples from ChatGPT-generated text. The bot often produces authentic-sounding but flawed or irrational arguments in essays, and students must be taught to use their critical thinking skills to comprehend them. Students should also know how the OpenAI Writing bot fails in using proper sources for academic essays, attribution, and framing of original opinions on a particular topic.
12 Examples of ChatGPT Prompts that Instructors can Use
ChatGPT has several abilities which can be introduced into the classroom for the benefit of both educators and students (Kasepalu et al., 2022). Instructors may innovate with ChatGPT prompts to meet desired outcomes such as enhancement of learning, creativity, and critical thinking skills in students.
Here are examples of ChatGPT prompts instructors can use:
1. Create Lesson Plans
To design unique lesson plans for students of different courses.
Example: Generate a lesson plan for undergraduate students being introduced to [name of concept].
2. Provide Behavioral Guidance for Students
To clarify rules and regulations on acceptable classroom behavior. Infographic tools like posters can be very effective in this regard.
Example: Design a poster detailing classroom rules and regulations and the consequences of non-adherence.
3. Initiate Student Improvement
To promote the improvement of each student in areas where they exhibit limited growth.
Example: Create a list of precise and attainable steps a student may take to improve in [subject/topic].
4. Showcase practical application of theories
To initiate the practical application of concepts and theories discussed in the class.
Example: How can theory be aligned with practice concerning [area/concept]?
5. Conduct Continuous Evaluation
To design worksheets/assessments for students to gauge their comprehension of each topic or concept.
Example: Generate a worksheet with multiple choice questions and a class activity to assess the understanding of [concept] for undergraduate students.
6. Innovate Assessment Methods
To design new and effective assessment methods for students, such as peer assessment.
Example: Suggest a list of five alternative assessments to multiple-choice questions to evaluate students' understanding of [concept].
7. Generate Feedback with Examples
To write an essay already assigned to students with detailed feedback on what constitutes a good composition.
Example: Generate an article on [topic] as an example of a well-written essay that could be graded 'A' and above. Provide detailed annotations on the features of the write-up that justify the grade.
8. Collect Data
To collect precise data on the classroom and use it to ensure student progress.
Example: Mention five areas of data collection to assess student learning and growth in the classroom.
9. Improve Educator-Student Relationships
As an effective tool for getting to know students better and thereby strengthening instructor-student relationships.
Example: Generate a list of activities for the undergraduate classroom that can help teachers get to know students better.
10. Mentor Students
Some students may require more assistance than others in different areas of learning or with issues outside the curriculum. Instructors may use ChatGPT to assist such students.
Example: List five innovative ideas to assist an undergraduate student with [concept/topic/area].
11. Assess Teaching
To gauge the effectiveness of various teaching methods.
Example: Generate a questionnaire to analyze the efficiency of PPT-based teaching of [topic] to an undergraduate [subject] class.
12. Collaborate Efforts
ChatGPT can be used by instructors of various disciplines and across institutions to share ideas and resources.
Example: Generate a list of effective methods to incorporate AI-based learning in higher educational institutions.
Besides the aforementioned methods, instructors may also guide students to effectively use ChatGPT in assignments with the help of peer review.
How can Peer Assessment ensure an effective Learning Experience
AI is here to stay, but AI's impact on education must not be negatively construed. AI applications for education like Kritik, a peer-Assessment tool, have shown significant adoption by instructors who are able to administer quick and personalized feedback and improve student engagement in their courses.
Schedule a demo with Kritik to deliver an engaging experience for the students taking your course.
Carvalho, L., Martinez-Maldonado, R., Tsai, Y-S., Markauskaite, L., & De Laat, M. (2022). How can we design for learning in an AI world? Computers and Education: Artificial Intelligence, 3. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.caeai.2022.100053
Opara, E. (2023). ChatGPT for Teaching, Learning and Research: Prospects and Challenges. Global Academic Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 33-40. https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=4375470
Kasepalu, R., Prieto, L. P., Ley, T., & Chejara, P. (2022). Teacher Artificial Intelligence-Supported Pedagogical Actions in Collaborative Learning Coregulation: A Wizard-of-Oz Study. Sec. Digital Education, 7. https://doi.org/10.3389/feduc.2022.736194